Pharmacy

Degrees and Certificates

Courses

PHA3101: Biochemistry I

Credits 3.0
This course is focused on fundamentals of Vitamins, enzymes, proteins, and nucleic acids as applied to biomedical sciences. This course will provide an understanding of the biochemical processes of these biomolecules and their clinical significance to the practice of pharmacy.

PHA3102: Biochemistry II

Credits 3.0
This course is the second of a two course sequence and focuses on fundamentals of amino acids, nucleic acids, lipids, and enzymes as applied to medicine. This course will provide an understanding of the biochemical processes of these biomolecules and their clinical significance to the practice of pharmacy.

PHA3109: Microbiology/Immunology

Credits 5.0
This course discusses bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic infections known to be pathogenic in humans in addition to the immune system's response to these foreign organisms. The processes of microbiology and immunology are foundational for treating infectious diseases in patients.

PHA3110: Molecular Biology

Credits 3.0
The course will cover how the blueprints for cells and organisms are contained in the structure of molecules like DNA, RNA, and protein. Examples of minor structural changes in DNA (mutations) and their biochemical, pathological and health consequences are presented as well as how this information can be used in disease diagnosis and drug discovery. Disease states due to alterations in the proper function of DNA and RNA will be discussed throughout the course. Molecular mechanisms in place to maintain adequate cell number and control cell growth will also be covered.

PHA3113: Pathophysiology I

Credits 5.0
This is the first of a two course sequence designed to explore the mechanisms of disease and tissue injury to organs and organ systems during selected pathophysiologic states with the goal of providing students with a rationale for drug therapy. Patient cases will be reviewed from a pharmacist's perspective.

PHA3114: Pathophysiology II

Credits 4.0
This course is the second of a two course sequence designed to explore the mechanisms of disease and tissue injury to organs and organ systems during selected pathophysiologic states with the goal of providing students with a rationale for drug therapy. Patient cases will be reviewed from a pharmacist's perspective.

PHA3116: Pharmaceutics I

Credits 4.0
The course will cover a historical perspective of the evolution of modern dosage forms, governing laws, basic fundamentals of physical pharmacy, pharmacokinetic principles, and topics pertinent to the design, production, and stability of drugs and dosage forms. Lectures will focus on the rationale for design, intended performance characteristics, and the proper use of dosage forms to optimize clinical outcomes.

PHA3117: Pharmaceutics II

Credits 2.0
This course will cover the theoretical and practical topics involved in the design, production, stability and performance of dosage forms. The particular strengths and weaknesses of common dosage forms and their proper utilization will be emphasized.

PHA3118: Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry

Credits 4.0
This course reinforces biochemistry with a review of drug chemistry and resultant biological events. Discussion focuses on biologically active compounds and cover base structures, parent compounds, metabolites, and structure modifications for altered therapeutic effects.

PHA3124: Pharmacotherapy I

Credits 2.0
This course is designed to provide didactic framework for the therapeutic management of numerous, common, self-limiting diseases that can be treated with nonprescription medications. Students will be assessed on their ability to make appropriate, rational recommendations to patients requesting assistance with self-care and nonprescription therapy.

PHA3127: Pharmaceutical Calculations

Credits 3.0
This course introduces the mathematical processes and computations essential to the practice of pharmacy. Emphasis will be placed upon development of fundamental calculation skills necessary in subsequent curricular courses and in professional practice.

PHA3129: Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry

Credits 3.0
This course reinforces biochemistry with a review of drug chemistry and resultant biological events. Discussion focuses on biologically active compounds and cover base structures, parent compounds, metabolites, and structure modifications for altered therapeutic effects.

PHA3130: Integrated Pharmacy Skills Laboratory I

Credits 1.0
In this course, Doctor of Pharmacy students will apply concepts and demonstrate pharmacy skills and techniques necessary for competent pharmacy practice. Students are expected to apply problem solving skills and critical thinking in independent and team-based settings.

PHA3134: Biochemistry

Credits 4.0
This course is focused on fundamentals of vitamins, enzymes, proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids as applied to biomedical sciences. This course will provide an understanding of the biochemical processes of these biomolecules and their clinical significance to the practice of pharmacy.

PHA3136: Integrated Pharmacy Skills Laboratory II

Credits 2.0
Doctor of Pharmacy students are engaged in interactive laboratory sessions designed to provide a thorough understanding of pharmaceutical compounding, pharmaceutical science, and direct patient care.

PHA3137: Integrated Pharmacy Skills Laboratory III

Credits 2.0
Doctor of Pharmacy students are engaged in interactive laboratory sessions designed to provide a thorough understanding of institutional pharmacy, pharmaceutical science, and direct patient care.

PHA3141: Pharmacy Practice and Communications

Credits 3.0
This course is designed to introduce students to the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and abilities to prepare students for the profession of pharmacy. This course also introduces students to effective communication strategies for use with patients, healthcare professionals, and other professional encounters. Students will learn to apply and integrate effective mode(s) of communication (verbal, nonverbal, written) and demonstrate that they have mastered effective communication skills.

PHA3145: Integrated Pharmacy Skills Laboratory I

Credits 1.0
In this course, Doctor of Pharmacy students will apply concepts and demonstrate pharmacy skills and techniques necessary for competent pharmacy practice. Students are expected to apply problem solving skills and critical thinking in independent and team-based settings.

PHA3146: Pharmaceutics I

Credits 3.0
The course will cover a historical perspective of the evolution of modern dosage forms, governing laws, basic fundamentals of physical pharmacy, pharmacokinetic principles, and topics pertinent to the design, production, and stability of drugs and dosage forms. Lectures will focus on the rationale for design, intended performance characteristics, and the proper use of dosage forms to optimize clinical outcomes.

PHA3150: Health Care Systems

Credits 2.0
This course examines historical and current healthcare delivery in the United States. Discussion includes interprofessional collaborations within various practice settings as well as social, organizational, and financial aspects of providing patient care.

PHA3152: Communications

Credits 2.5
This course is designed to teach effective communication strategies for use with patients, healthcare professionals, and other professional encounters. Students will learn to apply and integrate effective mode(s) of communication (verbal, nonverbal, written) and demonstrate that they have mastered effective communication skills.

PHA3162: Integrated Sequence I

Credits 4.0
This course will explore the foundational principles of pharmacodynamics and biopharmaceutics. Students will apply the concepts of drug-receptor interactions, drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and pharmacogenomics to predict drug activity/efficacy, drug interactions, and adverse effects for the rational treatment of disease as a pharmacist.

PHA3220: Principles of Drug Action

Credits 4.0
This course will explore the foundational principles of pharmacodynamics and biopharmaceutics. Students will apply the concepts of drug-receptor interactions, drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and pharmacogenomics to predict drug activity/efficacy, drug interactions, and adverse effects for the rational treatment of disease as a pharmacist.

PHA3222: Self-Care I

Credits 2.0
This course is designed to provide didactic framework for the therapeutic management of numerous, common, self-limiting diseases that can be treated with nonprescription medications. Students will be assessed on their ability to make appropriate, rational recommendations to patients requesting assistance with self-care and nonprescription therapy.

PHA3246: Pharmaceutics II

Credits 2.0
This course will cover the theoretical and practical topics involved in the design, production, stability and performance of dosage forms. The particular strengths and weaknesses of common dosage forms and their proper utilization will be emphasized.

PHA4212: Pharmacokinetics I

Credits 4.0
This course introduces the conceptual and mathematical expressions of Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion processes. Students will derive pharmacokinetic parameters to calculate dosages by various routes of administration to achieve plasma drug concentrations within therapeutic range.

PHA4220: Integrated Sequence I - Endocrine/Reproductive

Credits 3.5
This course is designed to familiarize the student with the anatomy and physiology of the endocrine system. It is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology and Therapeutics with an emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. Students will learn how to formulate a complete therapeutic plan which includes identifying goals for therapy, choosing the appropriate medication and dose based on drug and patient variables, and developing suitable monitoring parameters.

PHA4221: Integrated Sequence II - Inflammation

Credits 2.5
Students will study the molecular basis and drug designs to combat inflammation. Patient Cases and the drug classes covered are: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs), Opioid and Non-Opioid Analgesics, and Glucocorticoids, along with therapeutic approaches and patient care to Asthma, COPD, Gout, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

PHA4222: Self-Care II

Credits 3.0
This course is designed to provide didactic framework for the therapeutic management of numerous, common, self-limiting diseases that can be treated with nonprescription medications. Students will be assessed on their ability to make appropriate, rational recommendations to patients requesting assistance with self-care and nonprescription therapy.

PHA4225: Pharmacotherapy II

Credits 3.0
This course is designed to provide didactic framework for the therapeutic management of numerous, common, self-limiting diseases that can be treated with nonprescription medications. Students will be assessed on their ability to make appropriate, rational recommendations to patients requesting assistance with self-care and nonprescription therapy.

PHA4228: Pharmacokinetics II

Credits 3.0
This course utilizes patient demographics, drug interactions, disease states and conditions (erratic absorption, organ dysfunction, obesity, pregnancy) in pharmacokinetic models to carry out patient-specific dosage calculations of drugs with a narrow therapeutic index in order to maximize efficacy and minimize toxicity.

PHA4238: Integrated Pharmacy Skills Laboratory IV

Credits 1.0
In this course, Doctor of Pharmacy students will apply concepts and demonstrate pharmacy skills and techniques necessary for competent pharmacy practice. Students are expected to apply problem solving skills and critical thinking in independent and team-based settings

PHA4241: Occupational and Environmental Toxicology - Elective

Credits 3.0

This course is designed to complement Chemical and Drug Toxicology (PHA4243) offered in Quarter 6; however, Chemical and Drug Toxicology (PHA4243) is not a pre-requisite. Course material for Occupational and Environmental Toxicology (PHA4241) is presented by students using a seminar format that is evaluated by faculty members with supplemental faculty and guest lecturers to cover certain specialty topics. Topics will provide an in-depth evaluation of toxic agents and organisms exposed to patients in an occupational and environmental setting and will include the biochemical, molecular, pathophysiologic, and clinical factors involved with these toxicities. Patient cases are included in lecture discussions in order for students to better understand application of information in clinical practice. Grading is based on the seminar presentation, weekly quizzes and a final exam; a provision is made for students to drop their lowest quiz grade.

PHA4243: Drug and Chemical Toxicology

Credits 3.0
The course provides a study of the toxicity of natural agents and manufactured products. Discussions include review of biochemical, molecular, pathophysiologic, and clinical factors such as signs and symptoms of toxicity, management strategies and antidotes.

PHA4246: Cultural Competence for Healthcare Providers

Credits 3.0
This course will be a blended format featuring in-class lectures, discussions, case studies and activities. Students will be exposed to patient and healthcare provider scenarios of different races, cultures and lifestyles, and will discuss the healthcare beliefs and habits generally attributed to the different groups. Students will explore the potential impact of cultural values, beliefs, and practices on patient care outcomes. Students will be given the skills to begin to develop a culturally competent practice.

PHA4247: Pharmaceutical Care for Patients with Diabetes - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course will provide the student with a detailed review of diabetes pathophysiology and management including special emphasis on diet and pharmaceutical management. The course will give the student a foundation of knowledge to help practice medication therapy management for patients with diabetes. Students will also be given projects throughout the quarter that teach them empathy for the patient with diabetes (i.e. keeping food diaries, taking blood sugar, etc.) Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be awarded a certificate stating that they have completed APhA's Pharmaceutical Care for Patients with Diabetes course.

PHA4248: Immersive Lifestyle

Credits 3.0
Critical role of the pharmacists as emerging health care providers is assisting make practical and sustainable life style modifications. Understanding barriers to healthy lifestyles is central to helping patients becomes successful in implementing change. Students will increase their knowledge regarding lifestyle medicine and motivational interviewing, and engage in physical activity.

PHA4249: Understanding Clinical Decision Making

Credits 3.0
The intent of this course is to provide students with practical knowledge and insight into the rationale for the use of medications in clinical practice. Application of primary literature and guidelines in a clinical setting will be addressed.

PHA4250: Clinical Practice Lab I

Credits 1.0
This course engages students in a review of material presented throughout the curriculum using the Pharmacist Patient Care Process. Students are expected to solve disease-state and medication related problems, develop patient care plans, and defend proposed recommendations. Students will be expected to develop, and ultimately master, effective written and verbal communication skills by the conclusion of the course sequence.

PHA4264: Integrated Sequence II - Infectious Disease

Credits 5.0
This course is designed to orient students to antimicrobial principles and pertinent disease -state management strategies through utilization of patient-specific and laboratory generated clinical parameters. Specifically, familiarization with the pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and therapeutic application of antibiotics, antivirals and antifungals will be stressed.

PHA4265: Integrated Sequence III - Inflammation

Credits 3.0
Students will study the molecular basis and drug designs to combat inflammation. Patient Cases and the drug classes covered are: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARD), Opioid and Non-Opioid Analgesics, and Glucocorticoids, along with therapeutic approaches and patient care to Gout, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

PHA4277: Introductory Community Pharmacy Practice I

Credits 1.0
The introductory community pharmacy practice I, II, and III rotations are designed to expose the student to a variety of patient care services in the community pharmacy practice site. The goal of the rotation is to expose the student to integrate basic pharmacy related concepts to patient care as an independent practitioner in an outpatient pharmacy setting. The primary focus should be on distributive functions but should include at an introductory level direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management.

PHA4278: Introductory Community Pharmacy Practice II

Credits 1.0
The introductory community pharmacy practice I, II, and III rotations are designed to expose the student to a variety of patient care services in the community pharmacy practice site. The goal of the rotation is to expose the student to integrate basic pharmacy related concepts to patient care as an independent practitioner in an outpatient pharmacy setting. The primary focus should be on distributive functions but should include at an introductory level direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management.

PHA4279: Introductory Community Pharmacy Practice III

Credits 1.0
The introductory community pharmacy practice I, II, and III rotations are designed to expose the student to a variety of patient care services in the community pharmacy practice site. The goal of the rotation is to expose the student to integrate basic pharmacy related concepts to patient care as an independent practitioner in an outpatient pharmacy setting. The primary focus should be on distributive functions but should include at an introductory level direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management.

PHA4280: Community Professional Practice Experience

Credits 8.0
The introductory community pharmacy practice rotation is designed to expose the student to a variety of patient care services in the community pharmacy practice site. The goal of the rotation is to teach the student to integrate basic pharmacy related concepts to patient care as an independent practitioner in an outpatient pharmacy setting. The primary focus should be on distributive functions but should include at an introductory level direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management.

PHA4281: Institutional Professional Practice Experience

Credits 8.0
The introductory institution pharmacy practice rotation is designed to expose the student to the inpatient drug distribution facility of a hospital or other institutional health care setting. The goal of the rotation is to teach the student to integrate basic pharmacy related concepts to pharmacy practice in the inpatient setting and to provide a basic understanding of how distributive, clinical, and administrative aspects of pharmacy practice are intertwined.

PHA4301: Pharmacologic and Non-Pharmacologic Treatment of Obesity in Adult Patients -Elective

Credits 3.0
This course provides the student with a detailed review of the pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment of obesity in adult patients. Pharmacologic treatments covered include the noradrenergic sympathomimetic agents and lipase inhibitors. Non-pharmacologic treatments covered include caloric restriction, exercise, and surgery. The biochemistry, metabolism, and hormonal control of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids will be reviewed. Calculations of BMI, IBW, and caloric requirements will be emphasized for determining an appropriate weight loss plan. Additionally, students are required to present on a weight-loss topic of their choice. Presentation topics may include investigational weight-loss agents, fad diets, dietary supplements, or herbal therapies.

PHA4302: Healthcare and Societal Skills for Geriatric Care - Elective

Credits 3.0
The format of the course will involve lectures from the course coordinators and lectures from faculty, residents, and guest speakers. Courteous, respectful and attentive behavior is required at all class meetings. It will also require students to participate in small group sessions that will be both traditional case based learning as well as non-traditional group exercises designed to grow emotional awareness surrounding patient care. This course is offered in the second and/or third year to provide students with a broad perspective on issues of end of life care. As students presently enrolled in South University School of Pharmacy will face the challenge of caring for the Baby Boomer generation as they advance into the later stages of life, it will be beneficial to have an understanding of the issues relative to this generation's care. It will be beneficial for Pharmacists to be emotionally sound and prepared to assist patients as they face end of life, the families who remain behind, and themselves as they come to accept this inevitable part of their practice. This course will give students insight into the importance of the pharmacist as a trusted and desired part of the elderly patient's care and aid students in developing identity as pharmacists and direct patient care providers. It will facilitate communication with other health care professionals through improved understanding of the special and specific needs of the elderly. The course will examine challenges facing families and the moral and ethical dilemmas found when caring for those who can't make their own decisions.

PHA4303: Quality Improvement and Patient Safety - Elective

Credits 3.0
The purpose of this course is to provide students with the knowledge and skills to become change agents in the healthcare improvement process. Students gain experience with quality improvement, patient safety, teamwork, leadership, and patient-centered processes. This course includes online modules which offer 22.5 hours of continuing education to pharmacists, physicians and nurses. Additionally, recitations periods are incorporated to enhance student understanding of topics.

PHA4330: Integrated Sequence III - Autonomics

Credits 4.5

This course is a continuum of Integrated Sequences I - II with an emphasis on the Autonomic Nervous System. The course is devoted to discussing the pharmacological treatment, dosing, and monitoring of autonomic nervous system therapeutic agents. The course will provide students with the information that they need to develop rational therapeutic recommendations to various healthcare providers and patients.

PHA4331: Integrated Sequence IV - GI/Hepatic

Credits 2.5
This course is designed to familiarize the student with the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organs. It is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology and Therapeutics with an emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. Students will learn how to formulate a complete therapeutic plan which includes identifying goals for therapy, choosing the appropriate medication and dose based on drug and patient variables, and developing suitable monitoring parameters.

PHA4335: Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatics

Credits 3.0
The course will cover fundamental statistical theory, epidemiological research design, and sources of error. These concepts will be directly applied to the comprehension of clinical research articles.

PHA4350: Clinical Practice Lab II

Credits 1.0
This course engages students in a review of material presented throughout the curriculum using the Pharmacist Patient Care Process. Students are expected to solve disease-state and medication related problems, develop patient care plans, and defend proposed recommendations. Students will be expected to develop, and ultimately master, effective written and verbal communication skills by the conclusion of the course sequence.

PHA4367: Integrated Sequence IV - Autonomies

Credits 5.0
This course is a continuum of Integrated Sequences I - III with an emphasis on the Autonomic Nervous System. The course is devoted to discussing the pharmacological treatment, dosing, and monitoring of autonomic nervous system therapeutic agents. The course will provide students with the information that they need to develop rational therapeutic recommendations to various healthcare providers and patients.

PHA4368: Integrated Sequence V - GI/Hepatic Therapeutics

Credits 3.0
This course is designed to familiarize the student with the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organs. It is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology and Therapeutics with an emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. Students will learn how to formulate a complete therapeutic plan which includes identifying goals for therapy, choosing the appropriate medication and dose based on drug and patient variables, and developing suitable monitoring parameters.

PHA4372: Special Topics in Practice: Hormone Dependent Cancers

Credits 3.0
This course is focused on the current understanding of etiology of hormone dependent malignancies with emphasis on prostate and breast cancers. Foundation topics such as cell cycle and cell cycle regulations, parameters that are used to describe compound activity as well as general characteristics of malignancies will be covered. The class will also discuss drug development in these diseases, issues of resistance to drugs and how the increased understanding of intratumoral hormone biosynthesis has led to development of new drugs.

PHA4374: Developing the Pharmacy Leader - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course will provide the student with foundational concepts and skills in leadership and advocacy to prepare them for leadership roles as a student and as a pharmacist. Students will develop an understanding of the components that make leadership successful and their personal strengths as a leader.

PHA4421: Advanced Infectious Diseases Seminar - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course is designed as an advanced seminar that builds upon the general topics presented in Integrated Sequence II - Infectious Disease (PHA4264). It is NOT a review of those concepts and will assume a level of mastery equivalent to at least a grade of "B" in that earlier course. Students who did not perform at a grade level of B or better in Integrated Sequence II - Infectious Disease will require and be expected to have completed extensive pre-study review (on their own) PRIOR to the start of this seminar. Failure to do so will most likely result in a poor grade in this course. This course will also focus on areas not covered in Integrated Sequence II - Infectious Disease such as applied clinical microbiology, infection control, antimicrobial stewardship, travel medicine, principles of research and other areas. As a seminar, this course is predominately STUDENT LED and FACULTY FACILITATED. Students will be expected to deliver and lead seminar presentations, explain the latest infectious disease practice guidelines and orally defend their presentations to course faculty and guests. The advanced infectious disease seminar is designed for students contemplating a career within the infectious disease or critical care specialties and may provide a competitive advantage for students planning to enter post-graduate residency and fellowship training. This course will seek to enhance students' presentation, argument and defense skills as well as critical writing skills. The seminar will be largely student led and will be highly interactive - with grades being influenced by the degree of student preparation and participation.

PHA5001: General Pharmacology I

Credits 4.0
Gain knowledge of basic and applied pharmacology necessary for health care professionals. Explore essential pharmacological principles with special emphasis on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Examine medications used in the treatment of disease processes of the endocrine, autonomic, and central nervous systems.

PHA5002: General Pharmacology II

Credits 4.0
Continue to gain knowledge of basic and applied pharmacology necessary for health care professionals. Explore essential pharmacological principles with special emphasis on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Examine medications used in the treatment of disease processes of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.

PHA5233: Drug Information: Evaluation of Medication Literature & Safety

Credits 3.0
This course engages students in drug information and literature retrieval, interpretation, and application to clinical practice including communication of findings to patients, healthcare professionals, and regulatory organizations. These skill sets assist pharmacists with conducting practice activities that promote optimal health outcomes while minimizing/avoiding adverse events.

PHA5250: Clinical Practice Lab III

Credits 1.0
This course engages students in a review of material presented throughout the curriculum using the Pharmacist Patient Care Process. Students are expected to solve disease-state and medication related problems, develop patient care plans, and defend proposed recommendations. Students will be expected to develop, and ultimately master, effective written and verbal communication skills by the conclusion of the course sequence.

PHA5301: Research Study Development and Presentation - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course will be offered in the second year to give the students an introduction to various components of developing and presenting research studies. This course also allows the development and completion of activities that may be required in post graduate training or professional development within a future career. By completion of the course, a journal-worthy manuscript will have been written and a formal poster will have been printed and prepared for presentation at regional and/ or national professional conferences. Students will review approved secondary data sources for the purpose of developing a research topic, hypothesis, and design. Once a topic has been selected, a formal IRB application shall be drafted and submitted to the instructors for approval. The students will conduct the data analysis. Using the results a formal manuscript will be drafted in compliance with a selected journal's format. Additionally, a poster will be developed to enable design and presentation skills for a research project. Written assignments and class activities will supplement class material and will assess the students' understanding of the course.

PHA5302: Personal Finance for Pharmacists - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course is designed to use active-learning instruction, group discussion, exercises, and lectures to provide students with the knowledge and skill to manage their personal finances in an efficient manner.

PHA5303: Animal Venoms and Poisons - Elective

Credits 3.0
The course will offer an in-depth study of venomous and poisonous animals including marine animals, terrestrial animals, invertebrates and vertebrates. Medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, and pathophysiology caused by animal toxins, as well as case-based pharmacotherapy options are discussed. Course material is presented primarily as faculty lectures, with student presentations also. Patient cases will be periodically discussed in class in order for students to better understand application of information in clinical practice.

PHA5304: Women’s Health: Focus on Gynecology and Obstetrics - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course provides the student with a detailed review of the health issues that most commonly affect women with a focus on gynecology and obstetrics. Topics covered include menstruation related disorders, contraception, infertility, pregnancy, pregnancy induced complications, pharmacotherapy of labor and delivery, drugs in pregnancy and lactation, menopause, and female sexual dysfunction. Additionally, students are required to present on a women's health issue of their choice, which may cover gynecologic/obstetric related topics or general health issues commonly affecting women. Presentation topics may include post-partum depression, vaginal infections, cervical cancer prevention, breast cancer prevention, osteoporosis, recurrent UTIs, stress incontinence, aging, or rosacea.

PHA5305: Advanced Pharmacy Informatics: Clinical Application - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course provides the student with the basic tools and skills necessary to create, manipulate, and interpret information related to the clinical application of Pharmacy informatics. Students gain personal experience with utilizing medication safety, Pharmacy order entry, clinical surveillance, and clinical decision support software as well as Microsoft Office Excel and Access. This course includes both lectures and recitation periods to enhance student understanding of topics.

PHA5306: Seminars in Hematology and Oncology - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course, via traditional didactic lectures, group discussion, and student presentations, will provide the student with unique perspective on the impact a pharmacist can have on the treatment of patients with cancer. This course will introduce students to disease states not covered in the Integrated Sequence Hematology/Oncology Series and will provide students with additional cases for understanding these difficult, yet intriguing disease states. Upon successful completion of this course, students will have gained a new understanding of the impact cancer has had and will continue to have on our society and will feel more confident assessing chemotherapy orders and associated supportive care medications.

PHA5308: Aromatherapy

Credits 3.0
The course material covered in the Aromatherapy elective offers an in-depth study of topics such as the history and origin of aromatherapy, sources to obtain essential oils, databases and resources on essential oils, aromatherapy and their uses, and different delivery systems for use of essential oils. The chemical and clinical information of various essential oils are covered. Compounding of various aromatherapy dosage forms will be performed. Course material is presented primarily as faculty lectures with students compounding in the laboratory. Each student will perform a project whereby they visit local pharmacies or the natural products section of the pharmacy. Students will inquire about the education and training of the pharmacists on aromatherapy and complete a 1 page reflection on their findings. Patient cases will be discussed in class in order for students to better understand application of information in clinical practice. Grading is based on the pass/fail system.

PHA5320: Clinical Practice Lab IV

Credits 1.0
This course engages students in a review of material presented throughout the curriculum using the Pharmacist Patient Care Process. Students are expected to solve disease-state and medication related problems, develop patient care plans, and defend proposed recommendations. Students will be expected to develop, and ultimately master, effective written and verbal communication skills by the conclusion of the course sequence.

PHA5329: Introduction to Long Term Care Pharmacy

Credits 3.0
This course introduces the student to the career options of long term care and consultant pharmacy. Regulations concerning long term care facilities, including legal requirements and limitations for pharmacists and dispensing to patients in these facilities, will be addressed. Collaboration with other healthcare disciplines for patient care in residential facilities will be reviewed. Business models for consultant pharmacist services will be discussed.

PHA5331: Applied Pharmaceutical Care I

Credits 4.0
This course challenges students to identify disease-state and medication related problems, develop patient care plans, and defend proposed recommendations. Students also develop physical assessment techniques to aid in evaluating disease-state status and drug therapy impact.

PHA5332: Applied Pharmaceutical Care II

Credits 3.0
This course engages students in a review of disease state management using the pharmacist patient care process. Additionally, collaboration, communication, and documentation are included as part of delivering patient-centered care.

PHA5333: Drug Information, Literature Evaluation, Research Design and Methods

Credits 3.0
This course engages students in drug information and literature retrieval, interpretation, and application to clinical practice including communication of findings to patients, healthcare professionals, and regulatory organizations. These skill sets assist pharmacists with conducting practice activities that promote optimal health outcomes while minimizing/avoiding adverse events.

PHA5343: Comprehensive Diabetes Management

Credits 3.0
This course is a continuum of the diabetes portion of Endocrine Integrated Sequence delivered in Quarter 8. Students will review basics of diabetes pathophysiology, blood sugar/blood pressure/lipid/associated endocrine disorders goals, monitoring, and complications that arise from those with poorly controlled diabetes. This course will further prepare students to formulate a complete therapeutic plan in different types of patients with diabetes, which includes identifying goals for therapy, choosing the appropriate medication and dose based on drug and patient variables, and developing suitable monitoring parameters. In addition, students will become familiar with the side effects, contraindications, and drug interactions that are pertinent to individual drugs and drug classes.

PHA5345: Veterinary Pharmacy Elective

Credits 3.0
The course material covered in Veterinary Pharmacy provides an overview of major medical conditions affecting common domestic animals (e.g., dogs, cats) and available treatment options. Emphasis is placed on the pharmacist's role in identifying suitable medications, both prescription and over-the-counter, based on the animal. Other topics covered in the course include unique pharmaceutical dosage forms and compounding preparations for animals. Course material is presented in a lecture format with projects and laboratory activities coinciding with lecture topics, giving students the opportunity to demonstrate their understanding. Grading is determined based on projects, laboratory activities, quizzes, and a final exam.

PHA5350: Health Economics and Outcomes Assessment

Credits 2.0
This course will introduce pharmacoeconomic evaluation methods (e.g. cost-minimization, cost- utility, cost-benefit, and cost-effectiveness) as applied to pharmaceutical products and services. Quality of life and health outcomes research will also be explored from a pharmacist's perspective.

PHA5351: Integrated Sequence XI - Hematology/Oncology

Credits 3.0
The Hematology/Oncology Integrated Sequence course incorporates the etiology and pathophysiology of major hematologic/oncologic conditions with evidence-based treatment, dosing, monitoring, and management of pharmacologic agents, and supportive care. This course provides a fundamental overview of therapeutic classes of drugs utilized in the hematology/oncology setting with a specific focus on therapeutic mechanisms of actions, ADME, pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenomics, and adverse effects. This course will provide students with information essential to developing rational hematology/oncology therapeutic recommendations to healthcare providers and patients.

PHA5353: Pharmacy Practice Management

Credits 3.0
This course is designed to introduce students to the essentials of pharmacy practice management. Human resource management principles and issues, accounting principles, and financial analytical techniques will be covered. Selected issues relevant to community and health-systems pharmacy will be covered through lectures and case studies. A major focus of the course is to understand and appy a variety of managerial principles and functions to directing, supervising, and developing pharmacy operations and services.

PHA5358: Applied Pharmaceutical Care I

Credits 4.0
This course is part of a pharmacy capstone series and engages students in a review of disease state management using the pharmacist patient care process. Additionally, collaboration, communication, and documentation are included as part of delivering patient-centered care.

PHA5359: Applied Pharmaceutical Care II

Credits 3.0
This course is part of a pharmacy capstone series and engages students in a review of disease state management using the pharmacist patient care process. Additionally, collaboration, communication, and documentation are included as part of delivering patient-centered care.

PHA5360: Clinical Practice Lab V

Credits 2.0
This course engages students in a review of material presented throughout the curriculum using the Pharmacist Patient Care Process. Students are expected to solve disease-state and medication related problems, develop patient care plans, and defend proposed recommendations. Students will be expected to develop, and ultimately master, effective written and verbal communication skills by the conclusion of the course sequence.

PHA5362: Medication Therapy Management

Credits 3.0
The Medication Therapy Management (MTM) elective is intended to train student pharmacists to effectively employ all core elements of the MTM process.

PHA5369: Integrated Sequence VI - Cardiology

Credits 7.0
This course is designed to familiarize the student with the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system. It is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology and Therapeutics with an emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. Students will learn how to formulate a complete therapeutic plan which includes identifying goals for therapy, choosing the appropriate medication and dose based on drug and patient variables, and developing suitable monitoring parameters.

PHA5370: Integrated Sequence VII - Renal Therapeutics

Credits 3.0
This course is a continuum of the Integrated Sequences. The focus is on the interrelationships to pathophysiology of renal diseases, and their clinical significance to therapeutic monitoring and decision making. Since there is overlap in medications used in both renal and cardiology systems, pharmacology and medicinal chemistry concepts covered in the Cardiology Integrated Sequence will be applied, but not specifically covered in this course. An emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions is covered when it has not been addressed in the Cardiology Integrated Sequence.

PHA5371: Integrated Sequence VIII - Central Nervous System

Credits 6.0
This course is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence modules with an emphasis on the central nervous system. The course is devoted to discussing specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity with regard to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. The course will provide students with the information they need to develop rational therapeutic recommendations and discuss the clinical significant of therapeutic monitoring.

PHA5372: Integrated Sequence IX - Endocrine Therapeutics

Credits 4.0
This course is designed to familiarize the student with the anatomy and physiology of the endocrine system. It is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology and Therapeutics with an emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. Students will learn how to formulate a complete therapeutic plan which includes identifying goals for therapy, choosing the appropriate medication and dose based on drug and patient variables, and developing suitable monitoring parameters.

PHA5373: Critical Care

Credits 4.0
The mission of this course is to continue the Integrated Sequence curriculum with a focus on acute care topics presented from a therapeutics perspective. Emphasis is placed on the mechanisms of drug actions as related to the pathophysiology of diseases and their clinical significance for therapeutic monitoring. A large portion of the course will be devoted to discussing the clinical management of specialty patient populations. The course will provide students with the information that they need to develop rational therapeutic recommendations for various healthcare providers and patients.

PHA5375: Special Projects in Pharmaceutical Sciences - Coffee I - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course provides the student the opportunity to experience and develop practical skills involved in identification, separation and quantitative determination of drugs and novel molecules of pharmaceutical interest. The course involves the preparation of reagents, buffers and mobile phase which requires determination of pH, use of analytical balance, ultrasound degasification, vacuum ultra-filtration as well as handling, mounting, assembling, columns, guard columns, fitting tubes and all the accessories involved in the high performance liquid chromatography technique. The student will be trained to follow the 'good laboratory practice' (GMP), developing good analytical laboratory skills. Additionally, the student will be familiarized with the use of the appropriate software to set up and control the experiments as well as understand and be able to draw conclusions about the data collected and utilize that as a feedback to improve and optimize the method. Besides the practical aspect, the student will familiarize with the basic principles and the rationale underlying the research project which is on coffee and health.

PHA5376: Advanced Wound Care - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course will train students to impact outcomes and change the quality of life for patients with chronic wounds. This course will provide alternate approaches to the standard of care that result in improved wound healing trajectories for the patients our students will serve.

PHA5378: Medical Spanish Communication - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course is designed to offer an introduction to medical Spanish for pharmacy students. The students will gain basic communications skills necessary to conduct educate or counsel patients in Spanish.

PHA5379: Postgraduate Opportunities, Pharmacy Residencies - Elective

Credits 1.0
This elective course offers a candid review of postgraduate opportunities with emphasis on residencies and postgraduate research training. Through faculty led topic discussions and the completion of assignments, students will learn the benefits of a pharmacy residency and post-graduate research training, the usual requirements, and the diversity of training environments. Students will also appreciate the necessary steps to find and secure a postgraduate year one (PGY1) residency or post-graduate research training.

PHA5381: Fundamentals of Neonatology - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course is intended to develop an appreciation for the unique aspects of the neonatal patient. This course will cover interpretation of patient assessment, laboratory and radiographic information, therapeutic rationale and pharmacokinetics adjustments if warranted.

PHA5383: Advanced Pharmacotherapy in Primary Care - Elective

Credits 3.0
The purpose of this course, in the 9th quarter, is to increase students' knowledge of: 1) disease states common in the adult ambulatory care patient and 2) pharmacy practice in the acute care setting. The primary focus of each class session will be the physiological alterations associated with ambulatory and acute illnesses and the evidence-based rationale for various therapeutic maneuvers commonly utilized in these patients. The course will be a combination of group discussion, student presentation of cases, and independent study. It is the intention of the course coordinators to initially assign patient cases in which students' support treatment of ambulatory or acute patient care disease states; then further transitioning the patient into an acute or ambulatory care state which will require students' to support a different treatment rationale. This is an elective course for students in the second year, which is designed to provide reinforcement of and exposure to ambulatory care and acute care topics beyond those presented in the required Integrated Sequence courses.

PHA5384: Special Project in Pharmaceutical Sciences

Credits 3.0
This course provides the student the opportunity to experience and develop practical skills involved in identification, separation and quantitative determination of drugs and novel molecules of pharmaceutical interest. The course involves the preparation of reagents, buffers and mobile phase which requires determination of pH, use of analytical balance, ultrasound degasification, vacuum ultra-filtration as well as handling, mounting, assembling, columns, guard columns, fitting tubes and all the accessories involved in the high performance liquid chromatography technique. The student will be trained to follow the 'good laboratory practice' (GMP), developing good analytical laboratory skills. Additionally, the student will be familiarized with the use of the appropriate software to set up and control the experiments as well as understand and be able to draw conclusions about the data collected and utilize that as a feedback to improve and optimize the method. Besides the practical aspect, the student will familiarize with the basic principles and the rationale underlying the research project which is on coffee and health.

PHA5385: Special Projects in Pharmaceutical Sciences - Coffee III - Elective

Credits 3.0
This course provides the student the opportunity to experience and develop practical skills involved in identification, separation and quantitative determination of drugs and novel molecules of pharmaceutical interest. The course involves the preparation of reagents, buffers and mobile phase which requires determination of pH, use of analytical balance, ultrasound degasification, vacuum ultra-filtration as well as handling, mounting, assembling, columns, guard columns, fitting tubes and all the accessories involved in the high performance liquid chromatography technique. The student will be trained to follow the 'good laboratory practice' (GMP), developing good analytical laboratory skills. Additionally, the student will be familiarized with the use of the appropriate software to set up and control the experiments as well as understand and be able to draw conclusions about the data collected and utilize that as a feedback to improve and optimize the method. Besides the practical aspect, the student will familiarize with the basic principles and the rationale underlying the research project which is on coffee and health.

PHA5390: Strategies for Enhancing Professional Communication - Elective

Credits 3.0
This elective course is designed to enhance students' command of both the written and oral vernacular. Special emphasis shall be placed on honing students' abilities to accurately distill then convey complex scientific and health-related material to a variety of audiences. Successful completion of this course shall endow students with a newfound confidence in their communications abilities, with direct benefits for their patients, students, and community healthcare partners.

PHA5391: Integrated Sequence V - Cardiology

Credits 6.5
This course is designed to familiarize the student with the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system. It is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology and Therapeutics with an emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. Students will learn how to formulate a complete therapeutic plan which includes identifying goals for therapy, choosing the appropriate medication and dose based on drug and patient variables, and developing suitable monitoring parameters.

PHA5392: Integrated Sequence VI - Renal

Credits 2.5
This course is a continuum of the Integrated Sequences. The focus is on the interrelationships to pathophysiology of renal diseases, and their clinical significance to therapeutic monitoring and decision making. Since there is overlap in medications used in both renal and cardiology systems, pharmacology and medicinal chemistry concepts covered in the Cardiology Integrated Sequence will be applied, but not specifically covered in this course. An emphasis on specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity in regards to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions is covered when it has not been addressed in the Cardiology Integrated Sequence.

PHA5393: Integrated Sequence VII - Central Nervous System

Credits 5.5
This course is a continuum of the Integrated Sequence modules with an emphasis on the central nervous system. The course is devoted to discussing specific therapeutic classes and chemical subclasses of drugs, their relationships to drug structure and activity with regard to the dynamics of disposition, metabolism, and both primary and secondary receptor interactions. The course will provide students with the information they need to develop rational therapeutic recommendations and discuss the clinical significance of therapeutic monitoring.

PHA5394: Integrated Sequence VIII - Infectious Disease

Credits 5.0
This course is designed to orient students to antimicrobial principles and pertinent disease -state management strategies through utilization of patient-specific and laboratory generated clinical parameters. Specifically, familiarization with the pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and therapeutic application of antibiotics, antivirals and antifungals will be stressed.

PHA5395: Integrated Sequence IX - Critical Care

Credits 3.5
The mission of this course is to continue the Integrated Sequence curriculum with a focus on acute care topics presented from a therapeutics perspective. Emphasis is placed on the clinical pharmacology of the drug and drug classes as related to the pathophysiology of diseases and their clinical significance for therapeutic monitoring. A large portion of the course will be devoted to discussing the clinical management of specialty patient populations. The course will present students with the neccessary evidence to develop rational therapeutic recommendations for patients and various healthcare providers.

PHA5396: Integrated Sequence X - Hematology/Oncology

Credits 2.5
The Hematology/Oncology Integrated Sequence course incorporates the etiology and pathophysiology of major hematologic/oncologic conditions with evidence-based treatment, dosing, monitoring, and management of pharmacologic agents, and supportive care. This course provides a fundamental overview of therapeutic classes of drugs utilized in the hematology/oncology setting with a specific focus on therapeutic mechanisms of actions, ADME, pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenomics, and adverse effects. This course will provide students with information essential to developing rational hematology/oncology therapeutic recommendations to healthcare providers and patients.

PHA6000: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review I

Credits 3.5
This course is the first part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist students in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the textbook based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6010: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review II

Credits 3.5
This course is the second part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist students in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the textbook based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6020: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review III

Credits 3.5
This course is the third part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist students in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the textbook based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6339: Grand Rounds

Credits 1.0

Students in their final year of pharmacy education will deliver a formal presentation and abstract on a pharmacy-related topic of their choice. Following the presentation, students will participate in a question and answer session to substantiate their conclusions and demonstrate aptitude regarding relevant clinical and background information germane to the topic. Grand Rounds is the culmination of the student’s pharmacy education and should reflect a knowledge base of pharmaceutical science (e.g., pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry) and pharmacy practice (e.g., pharmacoepidemiology/biostatistics, pharmacotherapy, clinical practice). The purpose if not to complete a therapeutics review, rather it should be a complete investigation and presentation of data to answer the central question of the project.

PHA6500: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review I

Credits 3.0
This course is the first part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist them in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the text book based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6501: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review II

Credits 3.0
This course is the second part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist them in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the text book based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6502: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review III

Credits 3.0
This course is the third part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist them in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the text book based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6503: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review I

Credits 3.0
This course is the first part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist students in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the textbook based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6504: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review II

Credits 3.0
This course is the second part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist students in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the textbook based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6505: Essential Knowledge of Practice Review III

Credits 3.0
This course is the third part of a three course sequence and will consist of a self-paced guided review of relevant material covered during the didactic portion of the curriculum in order to assist students in a comprehensive preparation for the North American Pharmacy Licensure Exam (NAPLEX). Students will review assigned video lectures in alignment with topics presented in the textbook based on a pre-set schedule.

PHA6525: APPE I: Advanced Community Rotation

Credits 8.0
Advanced community pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the outpatient setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory community pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management while still participating in patient counseling and distributive functions.(minimum 200 contact hours).

PHA6526: APPE II: Ambulatory Care Rotation

Credits 8.0
Ambulatory care experiences provide evidence-based, patient-centered collaborative care in the outpatient setting to meet the medication management needs of patients in the treatment of chronic disease. These pharmacists promote health and wellness, disease prevention and education, and medication management of chronic illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease / dyslipidemia, asthma / chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart failure. Other chronic diseases encountered by the ambulatory care pharmacist may include chronic kidney disease, chronic infectious diseases, and other chronic diseases responsive to infusion therapy that do not require hospitalization. Pharmacist delivered ambulatory care occurs in institutional health system-based clinics, community-based clinics, government-funded clinics, and managed care organizations as well as the community pharmacy setting where comparable care is provided, (minimum 200 contact hours).

PHA6527: APPE III: Inpatient General Medicine Rotation

Credits 8.0
General medicine (acute care) experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to adult inpatients typically located on a general medicine floor. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and practice as an integrated member of the inter-professional health care team. Typical patients present with the following medical problems: cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, neurologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine and infectious diseases. The experience incorporates all elements of care from medication reconciliation, medication therapy recommendations and monitoring, discharge counseling, and transitions of care, (minimum 200 contact hours).

PHA6528: APPE IV: Advanced Institutional Rotation

Credits 8.0
Advanced institutional pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the institutional health-system setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory institutional pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on broad-based operational duties, regulatory compliance, medication procurement, and formulary and personnel management while still participating in distributive functions (e.g. sterile and non-sterile compounding, dispensing technologies).

PHA6529: APPE V: Elective - Institutional Care Rotation I

Credits 8.0
Advanced institutional pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the institutional health-system setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory institutional pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on broad-based operational duties, regulatory compliance, medication procurement, and formulary and personnel management while still participating in distributive functions (e.g. sterile and non-sterile compounding, dispensing technologies). Minimum of 200 contact hours.

PHA6530: APPE VI: Elective - Institutional Care Rotation II

Credits 8.0
Advanced institutional pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the institutional health-system setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory institutional pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on broad-based operational duties, regulatory compliance, medication procurement, and formulary and personnel management while still participating in distributive functions (e.g. sterile and non-sterile compounding, dispensing technologies). Minimum of 200 contact hours.

PHA6531: APPE VII: Elective - Institutional Care Rotation III

Credits 8.0
Advanced institutional pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the institutional health-system setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory institutional pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on broad-based operational duties, regulatory compliance, medication procurement, and formulary and personnel management while still participating in distributive functions (e.g. sterile and non-sterile compounding, dispensing technologies). Minimum of 200 contact hours.

PHA6532: APPE VIII: Elective - Community Care Rotation I

Credits 8.0
Advanced community pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the outpatient setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory community pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management while still participating in patient counseling and distributive functions. Minimum of 200 contact hours.

PHA6533: APPE IX: Elective - Community Care Rotation II

Credits 8.0
Advanced community pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the outpatient setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory community pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management while still participating in patient counseling and distributive functions. Minimum of 200 contact hours.

PHA6534: APPE X: Elective - Community Care Rotation III

Credits 8.0
Advanced community pharmacy experiences provide comprehensive, evidence-based, individualized, patient-centered care to a diverse population in the outpatient setting. Pharmacists are expected to be accountable for the patient's drug therapy outcomes and work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals. This experience is distinguished from introductory community pharmacy experiences through greater emphasis on direct patient care (e.g., administration of immunizations, health-related screenings, self-care, medication therapy management services, and collaborative practice), pharmacy operations management, and personnel management while still participating in patient counseling and distributive functions. Minimum of 200 contact hours.

PHA6535: APPE XI: Elective - Non-Patient Care Rotation

Credits 8.0
An administrative / management / academic non-patient care rotation gives the doctor of pharmacy student an opportunity to acquire first-hand experience in the managerial, administrative, and alternative aspects of pharmacy practice. The experience focuses on the application of management principles in a professional practice setting. The administrative experience can be done at a variety of sites including hospitals, independent and chain community pharmacies, health maintenance organizations, managed care programs, third-party programs, colleges of pharmacy, and manufacturers. To accommodate the needs of the student and best use the resources of the site, the content of the rotation is flexible. It is recognized that each site has its own unique strengths to share with students. At the beginning of the experience, the preceptor and student should jointly select objectives from the attached "menu" below, keeping in mind other practical goals or objectives may also be pursued. It is recommended that approximately four objectives be selected, with about one week devoted to each and allowing for ad hoc experiences to occur. Minimum of 200 contact hours.

PHA6536: APPE XII: Elective - Administrative Rotation

Credits 8.0
An administrative / management / academic non-patient care rotation gives the doctor of pharmacy student an opportunity to acquire first-hand experience in the managerial, administrative, and alternative aspects of pharmacy practice. The experience focuses on the application of management principles in a professional practice setting. The administrative experience can be done at a variety of sites including hospitals, independent and chain community pharmacies, health maintenance organizations, managed care programs, third-party programs, colleges of pharmacy, and manufacturers. To accommodate the needs of the student and best use the resources of the site, the content of the rotation is flexible. It is recognized that each site has its own unique strengths to share with students. At the beginning of the experience, the preceptor and student should jointly select objectives from the attached "menu" below, keeping in mind other practical goals or objectives may also be pursued. It is recommended that approximately four objectives be selected, with about one week devoted to each and allowing for ad hoc experiences to occur. (Minimum 200 contact hours).

PHA6537: APPE XIII: Elective - Drug Information Rotation

Credits 8.0
The South University Advance Drug Information Pharmacy Practice Experience is offered to pharmacy students in their final professional year of training and provides students with exposure to both healthcare professional and consumer medication inquires (e.g., telephone and email correspondence). Students strengthen their background questioning and search strategy in order to provide appropriate and timely responses. References and databases are presented and discussed routinely in order to familiarize students with its content and organization. Additionally, several written assignments (e.g., newsletter article, drug monograph/class review), verbal presentations (e.g., journal club, case presentations, topic of interest), projects (e.g., Medicare Part D/MTM workshops, MUE/DUE) and discussion topics are incorporated into the rotation experience. Team interaction is emphasized in order to coordinate the delivery of quality, comprehensive patient care.